Waste-to-energy is regarded as an alternative source of energy and is connected with the process of the burning of waste disposed of in high-temperature incineration plants. The heat created during combustion is recovered in the form of steam and used to produce electricity.
The incineration plants equipped with these special technologies for the recovery of substances produced by combustion are called waste-to-energy plants.
With circular no. 6/1992, the CIP6 (Interministerial Price Commission) promotes incentives for managers of incineration plants – for up to 8 years after their construction – for the sale of electricity to the Gestore dei Servizi Energetici (GSE) at three times the price of that produced using fossil fuels. For plants that already take advantage of incentives, the CIP6 has established that they will benefit from an additional increase by the GSE by way of compensation for the investments incurred to comply with the Kyoto protocol.
The electricity produced by the waste-to-energy process, regarded as a renewable energy source in Italy, enables the companies that manage these plants to obtain additional financing from the revenues made by the sale of Green Certificates.