Geothermal energy is produced by exploiting the energy of the heat in the deepest layers of the Earth’s crust. It is obtained by channelling the steam deriving from the subsoil into turbines which are used to produce electricity and by recycling the water vapour produced to heat buildings, for greenhouses and for various uses in heating systems.
The first Italian geothermal energy production plants date back to the early 20th century and, at the present time, the majority are concentrated in Tuscany, with a potential of over 4 billion kWh in the Larderello (PI) and Montieri plants alone.
In fact, Larderello was the site of the first geothermal energy production plant in the world, built in 1904, and the first geo-thermoelectric plant in 1913.
The city is also home to the Museum of Geothermics.