Another renewable source is biomass energy. Despite an aggressive EU programme to promote the spread of energy crops, which use farming, industry and zootechnics waste products, biomass is still not regarded as one of the world’s frontline energy sources.
Biomass energy can be produced by any material of organic-vegetable origin (trees, plants, farming or industrial waste, urban waste). Biomass energy is regarded as more of a valid resource for the environment than an answer to the energy shortage. As such the growth and informed use of the large quantities of vegetation across the world can contribute to improving the ecosystem through a greater level of carbon dioxide absorption.
The use of plants fuelled by biomass energy makes it possible to complete the so-called “carbon cycle”: the amount of carbon emitted through their use is the same as the amount absorbed by the plants to produce the same quantity of biomass.
The process cycles fuelled by biomass generate bio-combustible sub products such as bio-oil and methane gas. Elements that can be used to produce electricity and heat.
Another economical electricity-producing technology is the direct combustion of dry biomass. Rather than developing new plants, this can take place in existing plants for a smaller investment.
A great believer in the importance of biomass energy and its development potential, Green Network Group has developed an electricity plant fuelled by biogas created through the anaerobic fermentation of agricultural residues in Chianciano (CH).